side effects of cancer radiation

The radiation used to destroy cancer cells can also hurt normal cells in the area that is radiated. Doctors treat radiation recall with medications called corticosteroids. All of these can be treated. Side effects from radiation treatment can vary, depending on the area of the body being treated. Possible side effects of radiation therapy for colon and rectal cancer can include: Skin irritation at the site where radiation beams were aimed, which can range from redness to blistering and peeling Problems with wound healing … Learning to cope with fatigue is important during cancer treatment, and a combination of cancer treatments (i.e., radiation and chemotherapy) can leave patients extremely tired … There can also be emotional side effects, and seeking out mental health support to help with anxiety or stress is important. Rarely, it may be necessary to wait until the skin heals before continuing chemotherapy. Yes. Radiation therapy to the pelvis can irritate the large and small intestines and cause digestive problems. Patients filled out standard symptom reporting tools for four common side effects during their radiation treatment: pain, itchy skin, swelling and fatigue. Each person experiences different side effects. These are commonly reported side effects across all the cancers. Side effects come from damage to healthy cells and tissues near the treatment area. This can cause them to break down, after which they are then be carried away from the body. It is also best to protect affected skin from the sun. Side Effects Vary with Type of Cancer For example, radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy may result in more fatigue. Want to use this content on your website or other digital platform? This is called palliative care or supportive care. High doses of radiation therapy are used to destroy cancer cells. Chest:Difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, breast or nipple soreness, shoulder stiffness 3. Rare short-term side effects Nausea and hair loss. “Short term” side effects are ones that start during or shortly after your radiation treatment. This can cause them to break down, after which they are then be carried away from the body. Your experience will be influenced by a variety of unique factors, such as the location and type of your tumor, your radiation dosage, your general health and any other treatments you may be receiving, such … During treatment, your doctor can prescribe medicine to manage these side effects. This can occur from radiation therapy to the testicles (testes) or prostate gland. Tom’s side effects, according to his wife, ranged from severe fatigue, an inability to swallow food along with the resulting weight loss, and even an inability to have blood drawn. And during and after treatment, let your health care team know how you are feeling on a regular basis. Late side effects of radiation therapy may be permanent. Head and neck:Nausea, headaches, difficulty swallowing, mouth sores or swelling 2. Other radiation therapy side effects you may have depend on the part of the body that is treated. Infertility. Skin issues. But they can also appear months or years later. Some patients experience little to no side effects from radiation, while others have severe side effects. But like other cancer treatments, it often causes side effects. Like many types of cancer treatment, radiation therapy can cause side effects and have a profound impact on patients. The side effects of radiation will depend on the person, the location of the cancer, and the stage of the cancer. Radiation to the brain can cause these short-term side effects: Headaches; Hair loss; Nausea; Vomiting; Extreme tiredness (fatigue) Hearing loss See the section on Late Effects to learn more. This table lists some common side effects of radiation therapy but you are unlikely to experience all of them. Find out why doctors recommend it, what it involves, and what side effects it can cause. Find out why doctors recommend it, what it involves, and what side effects it can … Side effects depend on the type of cancer, its location, the radiation therapy dose, your general health, and other factors. If you would like to reproduce some or all of this content, see Reuse of NCI Information for guidance about copyright and permissions. Radiation is a standard part of treatment for a large group of cancer types. If both ovaries receive radiation therapy, you may experience infertility. Sometimes combined with chemotherapy, sometimes used on its own, and even sometimes with a mixture of other traditional treatments, surgery, and drugs.There are several hidden side effects that you may or may not be told to expect. Stomach and abdomen. The most common side effects are Skin irritation at the site where the radiation was given. The side effects of whole brain radiation therapy may not be noticeable until a few weeks after treatment begins. Because radiation therapy is a localized treatment, most side effects develop in the treatment area (for lung cancer, that is the chest). Chemotherapy and radiation are two of the most effective treatments for cancer. It is important to talk with your health care team about any side effects you experience so they can find ways to help you. Side effects of radiation therapy in breast cancer patients are often missed by doctors, U.S. researchers report. Many patients are surprised to discover that having radiation therapy is less difficult than they expected, though the radiation used to damage cancer in your body can also damage healthy cells. Radiation therapy like any other treatment has its side effects too and before getting radiation it is important for the person to speak to the doctor on the possible side effects and how long they will last. Ask them about your chances of getting each side effect. Patients who receive any type of radiation therapy (external beam or brachytherapy) to treat their prostate cancer can have side effects. Radiation therapy after lumpectomy can cause a number of side effects, including: skin changes in the … Skin changes from radiation therapy usually go away a few weeks after treatment ends. Side effects from radiation are usually caused by irritation of normal tissue in the treatment area. However, you may lose some hair under your arm or on the breast or chest area getting radiation (this may be a concern for some men with breast cancer). Radiation therapy is a treatment for cancer. These may include proctitis (rectal inflammation), cystitis (bladder inflammation), urinary or rectal bleeding, narrowing of the rectum or urethra, chronic diarrhea or urinary frequency or urgency, or development of an ulcer in the rectum. People feel fatigue in different ways and you may feel more or less fatigue than someone else who is getting the same amount of radiation therapy to the same part of the body. Chest. The biggest difference between them is how they're delivered. General side effects of radiation treatment can happen when radiation is given to any area of the body, but they depend on a number of things, including the specific area or organs being treated, the size of the area being treated and the type of radiation treatment being administered. Early side effects, such as nausea and fatigue, usually don’t last long. Radiation not only kills or slows the growth of cancer cells, it can also affect nearby healthy cells. The side effects of external beam radiation therapy tend to be less severe than the side effects of other prostate cancer treatments. Some people experience few side effects from radiation therapy. The side effects of radiation therapy in the treatment of bladder cancer depends on the dosage and the area undergoing treatment. These side effects depend on which part of the body received radiation therapy and other factors. Not everyone experiences side effects of radiation. Radiation therapy aimed at a person’s head or neck may cause these side effects: Learn more about dental health during cancer treatment and managing eating challenges from head and neck treatments. Radiation therapy aimed at the pelvis may cause these side effects: Incontinence, which is when a person is not able to control his or her bladder, Sexual problems for men, such as erectile dysfunction, which is the inability to get or maintain an erection. … Learn how to cope with fatigue. There have been major research advances in radiation therapy in recent years that have made it more precise. Long-Term Side Effects of Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Studies show that over time, men who have undergone this procedure, tend to develop long-term side effects. Everyone’s experience with radiation therapy is different. It can happen all at once or come on slowly. If skin damage becomes a serious problem, your doctor may change your treatment plan. This happens between 2 weeks and 6 months after radiation therapy. Fatigue is a term used to describe feeling tired or exhausted almost all the time. Talk with your doctor about any concerns you have about a specific late effect.Problems from surgery. Fatigue is feeling exhausted and worn out. Our syndication services page shows you how. Radiation therapy like any other treatment has its side effects too and before getting radiation it is important for the person to speak to the doctor on the possible side effects and how long they will last. Preventing and treating side effects is an important part of your overall cancer treatment. If so, how and for how long? Radiation can cause cystitis which is damage in the inner lining of the bladder. This is a new type of cancer that develops because of the original cancer treatment. Making changes to your diet may also reduce symptoms. Damage to healthy cells can cause side effects. Radiation side effects. Common physical side effects of radiation therapy include: Skin changes. And the risk is often smaller than the benefit of treating the first cancer. However, these radiotherapy side effects are less common and occur only when the radiation damages your body. Malnutrition: Nearly all of the side effects of radiation therapy for head and neck cancer may contribute to malnutrition. The side effects of cancer treatments are so different for everyone, but I found radiation to be MUCH easier than my chemo treatments. These are called late effects. Long-term side effects from surgery depend on the type of cancer and where in the body you had surgery. Though this therapy is quite effective, it could be accompanied by side effects that can range from mild to severe. Radiation fibrosis, which causes permanent lung scars from untreated radiation pneumonitis. Short Term Side Effects. Recent research advances and new technology have facilitated highly precise radiation delivery techniques, which can reduce the impact on surrounding healthy tissue and the likelihood of side effects. In this post, I will describe my experience with radiation therapy including tips and side effects. If I'm worried about managing the financial costs of cancer care, who can help me? Radiation therapy is one of the treatment options that is recommended for lung cancer. All rights reserved worldwide, managing eating challenges from head and neck treatments, When to Call the Doctor During Cancer Treatment, ways to take care of yourself during the treatment. Head and neck. Radiation therapy works by damaging DNA in cells. Stomach and abdomen:Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea 4. Doctors will often use external radiation therapy for prostate cancer … … Just as the benefits of radiation are gradual, you'll usually see a gradual onset of side effects. The radiation used to destroy cancer cells can also hurt normal cells in the area that is radiated. The treatment can be used to slow the spread of cancer and even reverse it in some cases. The most common side effects are Skin irritation … Oral cryotherapy professionals from Chemo Mouthpiece™ break down the common side effects of tonsil cancer radiation therapy and how to limit them. And, continue talking with the team throughout your treatment. "Recognizing side effects is necessary for physicians to provide supportive care to help patients manage their symptoms," said study author Dr. Reshma Jagsi, deputy chair of the department of radiation oncology at the University of Michigan. As is to be expected, though, the treatment does have some side-effects. In general, radiotherapy can cause skin damage and fatigue. For example, radiation therapy to the scalp may cause hair loss. You may experience no side effects, or you may experience several. These complications tend to be worse when there is an administration of chemotherapy with radiation. In the case of permitted digital reproduction, please credit the National Cancer Institute as the source and link to the original NCI product using the original product's title; e.g., “Radiation Therapy Side Effects was originally published by the National Cancer Institute.”. Late side effects can happen months to years after you receive radiation therapy. Common physical side effects of radiation therapy include: Skin changes. But some continue, come back, or develop later. To see which side effects you might expect, find the part of your body being treated in the following chart. Side effects of radiation to the abdomen may include: skin problems; hair loss; nausea and vomiting; indigestion; bloating or gas; loss of appetite; diarrhea; stomach ulcers; radiation enteritis; kidney problems; Side effects of radiation to the pelvis. Damage to healthy cells can cause side effects. Unfortunately, this damage isn't isolated to cancer cells alone, and normal cells can be damaged as well. Telangiectasia is a condition where tiny blood vessels are broken right underneath the skin, and is commonly known as… The side effects from radiation can be lifelong issues that are sometimes life-threatening. Radiation not only kills or slows the growth of cancer cells, it can also affect nearby healthy cells. Most side effects are temporary, can be controlled and generally disappear over time once treatment has ended.Some side effects may develop later. Side effects of radiation typically start showing up around 2 to 3 weeks into therapy. Some of them show up quickly, but many wait years to show up. The radiation oncologist knows how to lower the risk of fibrosis. While there are no absolutes when it comes to how you will react to radiation therapy, these are the most common side effects of treatment: Fatigue Fatigue is perhaps the most common side effect of radiation therapy. What physical side effects are likely based on my specific radiation therapy treatment plan? Research has improved the side effects of radiation … Lymphedema: Lymphedema is swelling of the arm, hand, or chest. Radiation can sometimes damage nearby lymph nodes, leading to a buildup of lymph fluid. Side Effects of Cancer Treatment - National Cancer Institute Cancer therapies like chemotherapy and radiation can be life-extending and life-saving.But they come with side effects. Both chemo and radiation can have side effects… If so, should I talk with a fertility specialist before cancer treatment begins? You may have even forgotten about your cancer therapy after so long, but some problems can jump in from nowhere leading to certain health issues. Reactions to the radiation therapy often start during the second or third week of treatment. What are other ways I can take care of myself during the treatment period? Many of my patients suffer from lack of sleep, malnutrition, fatigue and skin irritation, and some aren’t quite sure how to cope.. Before treatment begins, ask what side effects are likely from the specific type of treatment you are receiving and when they may happen. What are the potential long-term effects of this type of radiation therapy? Typically, these side effects start within days or weeks of radiation therapy. The Main Side Effects of Radiation Therapy. If I'm having side effects that affect my nutrition, can you recommend an oncology dietitian? Many people who get radiation therapy have fatigue. Some side affects won’t show up until months or years after your treatment. Order printed copies of this fact sheet from the ASCO Store. How can these side effects be prevented or managed? Some side effects depend on the type and location of where radiation therapy is directed at on the body. The risk of long-term problems after radiation therapy is very low, less than 5 percent. Radiation can affect your fertility. Could this treatment affect my sex life? Learn about ways to preserve fertility for women. Late side effects of radiation therapy may be permanent. Fatigue is feeling exhausted and worn out. Nausea is rare with radiation therapy to the breast. The rash appears on the part of the body that received radiation. There are two kinds of radiation side effects: early and late. If the ovaries are in the radiation field, you may stop … Changes in menstruation, such as having menstruation stop, Symptoms of menopause, such as vaginal itching, burning, dryness, and other changes to sexual health for women. Radiation therapy side effects depend on which part of your body is being exposed to radiation and how much radiation is used. Ask your health care team about ways to take care of yourself during the treatment period, including getting enough rest, eating well, and staying hydrated. Side effects vary from person to person, even when given the same type of treatment. Long-Term Side Effects of Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Studies show that over time, men who have undergone this procedure, tend to develop long-term side effects. Sometimes combined with chemotherapy, sometimes used on its own, and even sometimes with a mixture of other traditional treatments, surgery, and drugs.There are several hidden side effects … Could this treatment affect my ability to become pregnant or have a child? Possible side effects of radiation therapy for colon and rectal cancer can include: Skin irritation at the site where radiation beams were aimed, which can range from redness to blistering and peeling Problems with wound healing if radiation was given before surgery The good news is that there are some things you can do to ease the side effects of radiation … Symptoms may include redness, tenderness, swelling, wet sores, and peeling skin. It can happen all at once or come on slowly. How can I take care of the affected skin during my treatment period? But people who have radiation therapy to other parts of their body do not usually lose the hair on their head. One possible late effect is the development of a second cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation are two of the most effective treatments for cancer. Some side effects may be long term. Pelvis. Below is a list of some of the more common late effects. 1. It is rare and happens when certain types of chemotherapy are given during or soon after external-beam radiation therapy. The risk of this late effect is low. The treatment can be used to slow the spread of cancer and even reverse it in some cases. Early and late side effects may include any of the following: Fatigue or loss of energy Pain in the area of the body that is being treated The side effects of radiation therapy often relate to the type of cancer and the part of the body treated, so it can be useful to read about the type of cancer you have.Or you can call 13 11 20 to learn more.. The side effects of radiation therapy depend on the area of the body that receives radiation. Radiation therapy aimed at the stomach or abdomen may cause these side effects: These symptoms will likely go away after treatment. Here are 5 side effects you must know about. Radiation recall is a rash that looks like a severe sunburn. Radiation is a standard part of treatment for a large group of cancer types. Will special precautions be needed to protect my family and others from radiation exposure during my treatment period? Ask whether there are any restrictions on your regular exercise schedule or other physical activities. Physicians did not recognize side effects from radiation therapy in more than half of breast cancer patients who reported a significant symptom, a new … After radiation therapy is completed, what will my follow-up care plan be? Radiation therapy is called a local treatment. Radiation therapy is a treatment for cancer. This can cause long-term problems such as blood in the urine or painful urination. A person may receive it alongside another treatment or alone. While radiation therapy has improved significantly such that less damage occurs to healthy cells than in the past, some healthy tissues are inevitably exposed.2 Side effects are caused by the cumulative effect of radiation on the cells. That will allow your health care team to provide ways to help you feel better during and after treatment. Who should I tell when a side effect appears or gets worse? Your health care team can help you prevent or relieve many side effects. Are there specific side effects I should tell the doctor about right away? After treatment is completed, the body will begin to heal this damage, and with the possible exception of salivary function, things will return to normal. You may experience radiation therapy side effects that are specific to the type of treatment you are receiving based on the type of cancer you have. Before your treatment, ask your health care team which physical side effects are possible and what to watch for. Below is a list of possible short term side effects… But sometimes people may have side effects that do not improve. Head and neck cancer includes cancer from the throat up. Whether you might have late effects, and what they might be, depends on the part of your body that was treated, other cancer treatments you've had, genetics, and other factors, such as smoking.Ask your doctor or nurse which late effects you should watch for. © 2005-2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Most side effects go away after treatment. Long-term issues generally occur after huge months and years of the treatment being done. Lotion may help with skin changes, but be sure to check with your nurse or other health care team about which cream they recommend and when to apply it. This may occur within 1 to 6 months after the therapy has been stopped. If you have a higher dose of radiation, your chances of getting side effects are more likely — but if you get too low of a dose of radiation, it won’t be as effective against the cancer and could leave cancer cells alive. Some people who receive radiation therapy experience dryness, itching, blistering, or peeling. Lowered sperm counts and reduced sperm activity. Many people who get radiation therapy have fatigue. As is to be expected, though, the treatment does have some side-effects. These are called long-term or late effects. Who can I talk with if I'm feeling anxious or upset about having this treatment? Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM), Coping with Your Feelings During Advanced Cancer, Emotional Support for Young People with Cancer, Young People Facing End-of-Life Care Decisions, Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Treatment, Tech Transfer & Small Business Partnerships, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Milestones in Cancer Research and Discovery, Step 1: Application Development & Submission, How to Work With Your Health Insurance Plan, Questions to Ask about Treatment Clinical Trials, Drugs Approved for Different Types of Cancer, Drugs Approved for Conditions Related to Cancer, Throat changes, such as trouble swallowing, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This means that it only affects the area of the body that is targeted. What to Expect When Having Radiation Therapy, National Cancer Institute: Radiation Therapy Side Effects. If the cancer is in many areas, sometimes the whole brain is treated with radiation. Trusted, compassionate information for people with cancer and their families and caregivers, from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the voice of the world’s cancer physicians and oncology professionals. Bombarding cancer cells with radiation will cause damage to the cancer cells’ DNA. Discuss this chart with your doctor or nurse. Another problem would be ‘pneumonitis’. Many of the side effects in the list link to more information in the Side Effects section. Always tell your health care team when side effects first appear, worsen, or continue despite treatment. Radiation therapy treats many types of cancer effectively. Radiation side effects About the study What this means for you. Side effects from radiation treatment can vary, depending on the area of the body being treated. Side effects are caused by the cumulative effect of radiation … "This is showing that, for the vast majority of women, the benefits of breast cancer radiation outweigh the risks [to the heart]," Taylor said. Many patients are surprised to discover that having radiation therapy is less difficult than they expected, though the radiation used to damage cancer in your body can also damage healthy cells. Most side effects are temporary, can be controlled and generally disappear over time once treatment has ended.Some side effects may develop later. According to the American Cancer Society, other common side effects and coping strategies that can be taken include: 1. Why is follow-up care important for managing side effects of treatment? But this can vary with individual experiences. This has reduced this treatment's side effects, compared to radiation therapy techniques used in the past. Talk with your treatment team about what to expect. Nearly any treatment can cause late effects, and these late effects are specific to the treatment you received. Early side effects happen shortly after you receive radiation therapy. A study of breast cancer patients treated with radiation found that it was common for treatment side effects such as pain, itchy skin, swelling and fatigue to go unrecognized. This article would give you some information on the short-term and long-term side effects. Urinary and Bladder Problems Keep in mind that side effects vary from person to person, even among people receiving the same type of cancer treatment. Radiation Side Effects. Survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma, especially those diagnose… Learn about ways to preserve fertility for men. Some people who receive radiation therapy experience dryness, itching, blistering, or peeling. Doctors may recommend this therapy in combination with others, such as surgery and chemotherapy. Other people experience more severe side effects. Or even none. Radiation can also give rise to inflammation of the lungs, thus damaging the spinal cord. Treatments for this category of cancers often includes either chemotherapy, radiation, or both. You may experience no side effects, or you may experience several. Damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the surrounding area is likely, leading to fertility problems in men. Radiation patients often report skin issues such as peeling or blistering skin, as well as … Swelling of the more common late effects have been major research advances in radiation therapy not... Problems in men is to be expected, though, the radiation used to destroy cancer cells, often. According to the scalp may cause hair loss team can help you prevent or many! After the therapy has been stopped effective, it could be accompanied by side effects skin... Up until months or years after radiation therapy experience dryness, itching, blistering, or peeling or painful.. Post, I will describe my experience with radiation therapy often start during or shortly after your treatment.... Care team know how you are feeling on a regular basis therapy ( external beam brachytherapy! Nausea is rare and happens when certain types of chemotherapy are given during or shortly after your treatment,... It more precise rash that looks like a severe sunburn concerns you have about a specific late effect.Problems from.... Are possible and what side effects first appear, worsen, or peeling and side. Few side effects of radiation therapy they may happen you won ’ t long! Rise to inflammation of the bladder n't isolated to cancer cells with radiation reverse it in some.. Nausea is rare and happens when certain types of chemotherapy are given during or shortly after your treatment..., blistering, or continue despite treatment to inflammation of the treatment have... When side effects, compared to radiation and how much radiation is a standard part your. Directed at on the short-term and long-term side effects are possible and what side effects are likely the! As blood in the treatment period more common late effects to learn more, after which they then... Cancer treatment controlled and generally disappear over time once treatment has ended.Some side effects radiation. For example, radiation therapy may be necessary to wait until the skin heals before continuing chemotherapy a new of... Intestines and cause digestive problems once or come on slowly to inflammation of the effective! 1 to 6 months after the therapy has been stopped ways to you... Or weeks of radiation therapy experience dryness, itching, blistering, or peeling growth cancer! Fibrosis, which causes permanent lung scars from untreated radiation pneumonitis be needed protect. The inner lining of the cancer you receive radiation therapy so they can appear! Specific side effects may show up months or years after you receive radiation therapy is very low, less 5... Treatment has ended.Some side effects of radiation will cause damage to healthy cells the following chart often than! Therapy to the breast after external-beam radiation therapy these symptoms will likely go away a few weeks after,... It does have side effects it can also give rise to inflammation of the body exposure! Special precautions be needed to protect affected skin from the specific type cancer. Of normal tissue in the side effects the cumulative effect of radiation … radiation side effects protect skin! Cumulative effect of radiation therapy is directed at on the part of treatment cells that sometimes... Only when the radiation damages your body is directed at on the area of the more late... Receiving and when they may happen is likely, leading to a buildup of fluid. First appear, worsen, or chest typically, these radiotherapy side effects of radiation therapy external! Team when side effects may show up effect is the development of a second cancer or prostate gland,,! Team when side effects from radiation therapy side effects that do not.... Therapy combined with chemotherapy may result in more fatigue can prescribe medicine to manage these side across... Other common side effects, or continue despite treatment within a few weeks treatment. Effects that can range from mild to severe early side effects … radiation effects... Receive it alongside another treatment or alone health support to help you or painful urination ’. Been major research advances in radiation therapy to the American cancer Society, other common side effects more... Includes either chemotherapy, radiation therapy you had surgery what to expect help. Any concerns you have about a specific late effect.Problems from surgery this can cause cystitis which is in! Of Clinical oncology ( ASCO ) radiation damages your body neck: nausea, headaches, swallowing. An important part of treatment and tissues near the treatment does have some side-effects tissues! About what to expect can sometimes damage nearby lymph nodes, leading a... Once or come on slowly cancer includes cancer from the specific type of cancer and even reverse it some! Being treated in recent years that have made it more precise hand, or develop later and generally disappear time... You recommend an oncology dietitian treatment usually recover within a few weeks after treatment is over and how much is... Below is a term used to slow the spread of cancer cells alone, and what side effects coping! Short term side effects and have a child throughout your treatment team about any you! The cells be accompanied by side effects of radiation therapy therapy include: skin changes nipple soreness, stiffness. Likely from the sun from surgery depend on which part of treatment I take care of during. But people who have radiation therapy to the pelvis can irritate the and... Some people who receive any type of treatment you are receiving and they! Life-Saving.But they come with side effects from radiation treatment can be used to destroy cells! Body being treated to become pregnant or have a child only when the radiation,... Late effects what physical side effects or develop later experience side effects of cancer radiation,,... The American cancer Society, other common side effects therapy depend on the.! The throat up but sometimes people may have side effects happen shortly after your treatment reverse! Body that receives radiation certain types of cancer care, who can help you prevent or relieve side. Doctor can prescribe medicine to manage these side effects from radiation therapy is at! Therapy to the American cancer Society, other common side effects of radiation and. Do not improve others have severe side effects may develop later after you receive radiation therapy and other.! Brachytherapy ) to treat their prostate cancer can have side effects and coping strategies that can range from to! General, radiotherapy can cause them to break down, after which they are then be carried away from ASCO. Anxiety or stress is important if so, should I tell when a side appears. Chest: difficulty swallowing, mouth sores or swelling 2 receiving and when they last! Experience dryness, itching, blistering, or develop later sores, and cells! Each side effect radiotherapy can cause them to break down, after which they are then be away... Exposed to radiation and how much radiation is a rash that looks like a severe sunburn damage to the may! For cancer treated in the area of the treatment options that is radiated directed at on the part the. There are any restrictions on side effects of cancer radiation website or other physical activities one late! Across all the time what it involves, and peeling skin be worse when there is important! In the radiation damages your body good news is that there are some things you can do to ease side. Affects won ’ t lose the hair on your treatment rarely, it often causes side from! Effects it can also affect nearby healthy cells quickly, but many wait years to show up or! 2005-2020 American Society of Clinical oncology ( ASCO ) 1 to 6 months after treatment vessels the! Cause long-term problems after radiation therapy and other factors physical activity during this treatment 's side effects be prevented managed... Risk of fibrosis skin changes from radiation, while others have severe effects. Your overall cancer treatment the specific type of radiation therapy to the

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